European Fire Salamander | Salamandra salamandra
West, Middle, South and South-East Europe, smaller areas in North Africa and
Cool and humid broadleaf wood and mixed forest
Way of Living
Hidden existence in niches, caves and chasms
Pairing ashore, the female carries the up to 80 embryos for about 8 months and releases them then into the water (Ovoviviparie). Larvae breathe through gills. Metamorphosis to terrestrial animals after approx. 3 to 6 months.
Length up to approx. 20 cm
Up to 50 years in human care
Especially protected by Federal Decree of Species Protection
Did you already know that ….
» the skin of the fire salamander is poisonous? Besides hindering the growth of bacteria and fungus on the humid skin surface the poison serves to frighten away enimies. This can cause sickness, difficulties of breathing and vomition to sensible humans.
» the name originates from the fact that these animals were thrown into the flames in former times so to extinguish firebrands with the poisonous skin secreta?